You are in the “Basic Knowledges” page. The purpose of this page is to give a some notes about the main themes around the transport, open data and open innovation.

Open Data

Open data is the idea that some data should be freely available to everyone to use and republish as they wish, without restrictions from copyright, patents or other mechanisms of control.


The General Transit Feed Specification (GTFS) [1] defines a common format for public transportation schedules and associated geographic information.

Open streeet map

OpenStreetMap (OSM) is a collaborative project to create a free editable map of the world. The creation and growth of OSM has been motivated by restrictions on use or availability of map information across much of the world, and the advent of inexpensive portable satellite navigation devices.[6] OSM is considered a prominent example of volunteered geographic information.

Open source / Open software

The open-source model is a decentralized software-development model that encourages open collaboration.[1][2] A main principle of open-source software development is peer production, with products such as source code, blueprints, and documentation freely available to the public. The open-source movement in software began as a response to the limitations of proprietary code. The model is used for projects such as in open-source appropriate technology,[3] and open-source drug discovery.[4][5]

Open licence

Open content is a neologism coined by David Wiley in 1998[1] which describes a creative work that others can copy or modify freely, without asking for permission. The term evokes the related concept of open-source software.[2]Such content is said to be under an open licence.


The commons is the cultural and natural resources accessible to all members of a society, including natural materials such as air, water, and a habitable earth. These resources are held in common, not owned privately. Commons can also be understood as natural resources that groups of people (communities, user groups) manage for individual and collective benefit. Characteristically, this involves a variety of informal norms and values (social practice) employed for a governance mechanism.[1]

Paratransit transport